During the period of "11th five-year plan" and the recent development
"11th five-year plan" (2006 ~ 2010) is listed as one of the new China's 11th five-year plan, but strictly speaking, in the sense of "planning", this should be counted as "the first". Because, after 10, are "five-year plan". From the plan to planning, has become our country from planned economy to market economy and a historical coordinate transformation process.
Is the final year of the period of "11th five-year plan", in 2010, according to official data released in 2006-2008 China's GDP growth of 11.6%, 13% and 9.6% respectively, although is seriously affected by the global financial crisis in 2009, due to the central macroeconomic regulation and control policy measures capable, GDP growth is still as high as 9.1%; China's GDP grew 10.3% in 2010. The grand goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way had a good start.
During the 11th five-year plan ", "looking back at unsaturated polyester resin industry development in our country
According to China association of composite material industry statistics data (including non member unit of production of resin production enterprises), during the period of "11th five-year plan", China's production of unsaturated polyester resin from 2005 to 850000 tons of 1.5 million tons in 2010 (estimated), the average annual growth of 12.4%. Despite the impact of the global financial crisis, but as a result of the central expanding domestic demand, to strengthen the construction of infrastructure for the four trillion yuan investment plan "and" top ten industrial revitalization planning, and makes the permeated various fields of national economy of the composites industry benefit from it quite a lot, resin industry rapid return to growth. Can say, "11th five-year plan" of the five years is unsaturated polyester resin industry in China since the mid - 1960 - s to create for more than forty years development the fastest, the best of times.
Table 1: during the period of "11th five-year plan" unsaturated polyester resin production in our country
Year 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 annual growth (%)
Production (ten thousand tons) ten thousand 110 115 125 132 85 12.4
The annual growth rate % 29.4 4.5 8.7 5.6 4.5
During the period of "11th five-year plan", the development of unsaturated polyester resin industry in China presents the four characteristics:
1, capacity and yield increase by a wide margin, and constantly optimize product structure
* large scale domestic demand continues to grow, the start and export to glass fiber reinforced plastic composite material industry with huge market space, the big increase in demand for unsaturated polyester resin, unsaturated polyester resin industry in China production capacity and rapid growth.
* the independent innovation of glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials forming technology upgrading, promoting unsaturated polyester resin product quality improvement, structure optimized constantly. Due to the development of the FRP equipment manufacturing industry in our country and improve, jiangsu, zhejiang, hebei, shandong and other provinces of SMC/BMC moulding, winding and pultrusion equipment and mold design, manufacturing technology becoming mature, not only meet the domestic demand, and bulk exports. The development of equipment manufacturing industry to promote the popularity of mechanization of glass fiber reinforced plastic composites molding process, 2009 cans production line of the filament winding pipe in our country, centrifugal casting pipe production line, pultrusion process, SMC/BMC moulding process, continuous mining plate production line, vacuum mechanized molding process such as the import process and RTM process have accounted for 66% of the glass fiber reinforced plastic composites molding process, hand lay-up molding process ratio drops greatly.
* adapted to industrial development, under the China association of composite material industry organization, the national fiber reinforced standardization technical committee promptly formulated the "fiber reinforced plastics machinery molding with unsaturated polyester resin (JC/T1092-2008)" industry standards, implementation on December 1, 2008. The implementation of the standard specification for mechanized molding with unsaturated polyester resin technology standards, promote the unsaturated polyester resin industry product structure optimization.
2, enhanced the functional casting type unsaturated polyester resin consumption is growing rapidly
During the period of "11th five-year plan", be faced with polyester handicraft contraction in the international market situation, many companies quickly turned to architectural decoration in domestic and foreign markets, casting artificial stone, stone and quartz industry rapid rise, and gradually mature and improve technology, the veneer to mechanized production lines from mill molding, products widely used in ambry panel, metope adornment and ground material. Fujian, guangdong some economic strength of the stone material, ceramic tile, floor tile production companies are spending heavily to quartz industry. According to statistics, in 2010 the national functional fillers increased casting with unsaturated polyester resin consumption of about 550000 tons, accounting for the country this year 36.7% of total consumption of unsaturated polyester resin.
Table 2:2010 unsaturated polyester resin production application domain classification in our country
Classification function of glass fiber reinforced fillers to enhance functional surface coatings
Application of FRP composites artificial stone, quartz, gel, marble glue
Products are derived, buttons, atomic ash floor paint, paint
Resin (ten thousand tons) 55 14 ten thousand
3, megawatt FRP wind leaf became the sand glass steel pipe after another main product of composite material industry in China, promoted the unsaturated polyester resin and epoxy vinyl resin technology innovation
Megawatt FRP wind-power blades for high performance requirements of the resin to accelerate the domestic unsaturated polyester resin and epoxy vinyl resin technology innovation. Megawatt wind power market in China entered the high-speed development period, from 2007 years ago all of new power capacity of more than 600 KW, 2009 new installed capacity of 12 million KW (1.5 MW blade 8000 sets), composite materials, 160000 tons of resin dosage of more than 50000 tons (including machine tank cover), unsaturated polyester resin and epoxy vinyl resin accounts for about 50%.
Megawatt FRP wind-power blades patent technology in China are mostly introduced from Germany and the Netherlands, the leaf shape of blade design, structural design, layer design, material design, mould technology to the blade manufacture is a systems engineering, and have specific request for fiber and resin, and through the German GL certificate. Domestic research and development ability resin enterprise would have developed to replace imported epoxy vinyl resin and unsaturated polyester resin in production in a foreign capital enterprise, only the wind power blade manufacturer factory feel hesitate to choose the domestic resin manufacturer of resin, so as to make the foreign companies, domestic FRP wind-power blades market first. But with glass fiber reinforced plastic wind blade manufacturer for the introduction of technology digestion and absorption, and the blade design and manufacturing technology have been introduced from single to independent research and development, in the wind, all double even, baoding HuiTeng, Shanghai FRP research institute and other key enterprises have the following 3 mw blade independent research and development ability, as long as there is a research and development ability of resin enterprise unremitting efforts, the foreign resin wind-power blades enterprises monopolize the market pattern will be broken.
4, unsaturated polyester resin industry consolidation restructuring has
According to incomplete statistics, at present the country is about more than 180 large and small unsaturated polyester resin producers, the technical level is uneven, production capacity difference is very big, small, unsaturated polyester resin manufacturers only thousands of tons of annual production capacity, the size of tens of tons; Small manufacturers equipment primitive, backward production process control, product quality is not stable, only making low-end resin, more than thirty thousand tons of production capacity of factory equipment is relatively excellent, advanced production process control, product quality is stable, the jinling DSM resins co., LTD., jiangsu fu ling chemical co., LTD., ashland company and east China university of science and technology huachang polymer co., LTD. Has been controlled by DCS, automate the whole process of unsaturated polyester resin production control.
Enterprise management level is also good and bad are intermingled, in general, small scale of unsaturated polyester resin production factory is a private, individual enterprises, the basic management level, poor organization is not sound, environmental protection and safety in production inputs, rarely occurring in the process of production is basically secretly emissions, wastewater emission almost directly without any processing means; And more than thirty thousand tons capacity of factory management level is relatively high, the production process of wastewater treatment using incinerators burning, realizing wastewater zero emissions; The purification of exhaust gas adopts advanced equipment; And there are a few families of resin companies have used ERP system for production management, finance, procurement and sales.
Jiangsu, zhejiang and Shanghai is the concentration of unsaturated polyester resin industry in China, and the technical innovation and new product development leading domestic unsaturated polyester resin and glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials market, promote domestic unsaturated polyester tree fat industry and the development of glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials and improve. In 2010, the three provinces, municipalities unsaturated polyester resin production accounts for more than half of total national output, of which, the vinyl resin production with 95% concentrated in jiangsu and Shanghai. This region brings together the domestic and foreign well-known unsaturated polyester resin production enterprises, both the early to enter the Chinese market of jinling DSM, new materials, changxing, ashland, showa and weft on foreign investment enterprises (Taiwan); And Shanghai huachang, day Ma Ruicheng, fu ling, changzhou in jiangsu chemical (i.e., the state), and a new day of Shanghai, zhejiang linhai and nantong in jiangsu have a factory), huake, China resources, xing, a batch of domestic enterprises with independent intellectual property rights.
Guangdong is resin production and consumption province, Mr Fukuda, calling from huaxun and morning bao is a very large scale enterprises.
However, in the continuous rapid development at the same time, environmental pollution has become of unsaturated polyester resin industry in China developing along embarrassing, a lot of no environmental protection facilities of small resin factory production process of wastewater discharges, and exhaust gas direct emissions to the environment pollution is very serious. Jiangsu province is specified, the time limit for all chemical plant (unsaturated polyester resin factory including, of course) must be moved to the provincial development zone of chemical industrial park, the new factory evaluation, environmental assessment, Ann can review and water resources evaluation is very strict, unable to move the chemical enterprises shall be shut down. Changzhou new sun chemical (i.e., the state), jiangsu fu ling, day Ma Ruicheng has been moved to a provincial level development zone area of chemical industrial park; Changzhou hua day, huake are building a new factory; Jinling DSM will move. Other provinces and cities also have issued similar regulations. As a result, many small and medium-sized resin factory will select close due to relocation cost is too high.
Second, during the period of "twelfth five-year" development prospect of unsaturated polyester resin industry in China
"Twelfth five-year" period, from 2011 to 2015 in Chinese market for composite materials will become the focus of world attention further, composite material industry abroad is generally believed that Chinese still is the world's fastest growing economy countries, global biggest composite materials market. The ray from the United States can DE the company's board of directors decided to increase investment in tianjin, China can be seen. In 2009 a comprehensive understanding of composite materials market in China, to understand the needs of the customers after the decision by the original investment of 130 million increased to 300 million yuan, the first stage production capacity of 30000 tons, second phase of production capacity of 50000 tons.
Global composite material production of 9 million tons in 2009, the Chinese to the output of 3.23 million tons of Germany and Japan, the world's second place with 35.88% of global production. And according to the forecast JEC group, in 2013 China will account for 43% of global composites production.
On September 8, 2010 the state council approved a has important directive significance of document, "state council on speeding up the decision of the cultivating and developing strategic emerging industries", selected the energy conservation and environmental protection, a new generation of information technology, biology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials and new energy automotive industry as a strategic emerging industry of seven, especially noteworthy is the decision for the first time the new material alone as a strategic emerging industries. Was apparently itself is an important part belongs to the field of new materials, and has penetrated the above-mentioned six other composite materials in China in the field of industry will usher in unprecedented opportunities for development.
Looking forward to "twelfth five-year", according to the information and analysis, we know that predicting the development of unsaturated polyester resin industry in China will have the following trends:
1, unsaturated polyester resin industry deepening restructuring, integration from "in the spring and autumn period" to "the warring states period"
* 180 unsaturated polyester resin production enterprises at present, there are at least two thirds belongs to small scale, backward technology, lack of talents, shortage of funds, serious pollution of small businesses, due to an inability to move into the development of chemical industrial park by the government shut down or choose in enterprise to have the size of the resin, unsaturated polyester resin manufacturers will reduce the number of capacity to the metal concentration, the entire industry to intensive, science and technology.
* has been completed and originally built in the zone of the move production capacity of 30000 tons of unsaturated polyester resin factory is the backbone of the unsaturated polyester resin industry in China, but compared with the European and American countries, the scale is still small. There will be two development modes: one is greatly expand capacity, the annual output of 30 ~ 500000 tons of carrier grade resin enterprise, at the head of the resin market; Second is to develop new markets, develop marketable, high technology content, high value-added new leads in the high-end market.
2, green low carbon economy to composite material, and unsaturated polyester resin industry opened up a broad market
After nearly fifty years of market tests, glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials (mainly unsaturated polyester resin matrix composite materials) for its excellent properties, such as design, high modulus than strength, excellent electrical performance, chemical corrosion resistance, aging resistance, water resistance and flame retardant performance has been proved that it is irreplaceable by other materials materials and structural materials. "Twelfth five-year" period, glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials will become the important dominant materials of low carbon economy.
* is the core of low carbon energy conservation and emission reduction, large power plant flue gas desulfurization equipment, petrochemical anti-corrosion engineering, municipal water diversion engineering requires a lot of glass fiber reinforced plastic composite material, is expected by the end of the 12th five-year, only the power industry with composite materials will reach 1.2 million tons. Among them, the large power plant flue gas desulfurization equipment has a high requirement on the vinyl resin, requires both resin corrosion resistance, abrasion resistance, high heat deformation temperature, and require a higher tensile strength, tensile modulus and the breaking elongation rate. At present mainly imports of dow D411 occupy the market, (ashland after acquisition of dow vinyls, ashland changzhou factory has been able to produce), jinling DSM Atlac430, weft SW901 and huachang MFE - 2 also has a certain market share. In the face of such a huge market, although technically difficult, resin domestic enterprises also spend big strength to developing this kind of tree fat.
* carbon fiber reinforced composite material in aviation, spaceflight, more than 2.5 mw large wind power, building repair and reinforcement, and other fields have broad application prospects, substrate material research and development to keep up with in a timely manner.
* transport cars, buses, engineering vehicles, commercial vehicles, in the field of new energy cars, boats, trains and subways are need to use glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials to reduce body weight. Is expected by the end of the 12th five-year automotive composite materials will reach 1.2 million tons. Among them, the high-speed train and subway need to use high flame retardant, non-toxic, low smoke composite materials. Therefore, the research and development high flame retardant, low smoke, halogen reactive flame retardant resin is the urgent task to resin production enterprises. Research and development to meet the new composite materials products with high performance of unsaturated polyester resin is unsaturated polyester resin industry in China is facing a new challenge, also is our resin industry new economic growth point.
* as countries on the strengthening of environmental protection, safety production supervision, in order to to the unsaturated polyester resin enterprise expansion, technical renovation and relocation of eia, Ann can review, review, there are laws to make unsaturated polyester resin production enterprise energy consumption, water consumption, waste gas and waste water discharge of national or trade standards work has been imminent.
3, the industrial layout change will happen
"Twelfth five-year" period, the regional industrial structure adjustment to further development. Has been formed during the period of "11th five-year plan" tianjin and baoding, wind power blades in Yangtze river delta, shandong Texas air conditioning composites, spent hebei jizhou tube, tin products, jiangsu, zhejiang electric composite materials products cluster will further improve the ability of independent innovation, the industry bigger and stronger. The layout of the unsaturated polyester resin industry will be changed.
* traditional concentration of unsaturated polyester resin industry -- east coast will continue to expand capacity, improve product technology content.
* around xi 'an, luoyang and jinzhong south region; Around the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) and the implementation of the "zero tariff" in our country and the economic development of southwest; Chemical raw materials base around gansu, xinjiang, northwest China and central Asia, west Asia's export; In the western region of glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials will rise sharply, the demand for these areas will be a considerable scale of unsaturated polyester resin, glass fiber and glass fiber reinforced plastic composite materials production enterprises. Investment subject is likely to be other industries.
Well there is no way, scenes and village